To use a network for deployment, you must create and share the folders containing the Windows® OEM Preinstallation Kit (Windows OPK) and Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK) tools and applications. You use these tools to preinstall and ensure that all computers used in preinstallation have valid IP addresses, either by using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) or by assigning static IP addresses.
Create and share folders for network deployment
To create a network share:
- Designate a computer to store your files and folders. This can
be workstation, server, or even a laptop.
By default, the computer name is used as the name of the network share (example, network_share).
- On the designated computer, create folders to be used on your
network share. For example:
- Add a folder for a Distribution Share,
example: MyDistributionShare. For more information, see Create a Distribution
- Add a folder for applications installation
files and other files used in deployment, example:
- Add a folder for a Distribution Share, example: MyDistributionShare. For more information, see Create a Distribution Share.
- Share the folders, and then create user accounts for accessing
To share a folder, right-click it, click Sharing and Security, and then select Share this folder on the Sharing tab.
- From this computer, test that the folders are accessible.
Example, navigate to \\network_share\MyDistributionShare and
- Create user accounts to access these folders from other
computers by using the instructions later in this topic.
Best Practices for High-Volume Deployments
For high-volume deployment environments such as factories or enterprises, the following best practices are recommended:
- Fast network infrastructure: To
transfer images of Windows to destination computers as quickly as
possible, use gigabit networking and switches instead of hubs to
connect your destination computers to your image servers.
- Windows Deployment Services
(Windows DS): Use Windows DS on your image servers to
deploy .wim files to destination computers booted from
Windows PE RAM disks.
- USB 2.0 boot support: On your
destination computers, use a BIOS with USB 2.0 boot support. This
enables faster Windows PE boot times, which make deployments
- Win32 tools: To optimize your
development resources, develop a single Win32® test suite to test
in your lab and deployment environment and for your recovery