The following wizard pages are common to all wizards for creating virtual machines. The wizards vary with the virtual machine source: virtual hard disk, virtual machine template, existing virtual machine, physical computer, or existing virtual machine from a different virtualization platform. For requirements and instructions for each source, see Creating New Virtual Machines.

Wizard Page Action

Select Source

  1. Select the Use an existing template, virtual machine, or virtual hard disk option, and then click Browse.

  2. In the Select Virtual Machine Source dialog box, select the virtual hard disk that you want to use.

Virtual Machine Identity

Configure the following options:

  • Virtual machine name (required). Type a unique name for the virtual machine.

  • Owner (required). The owner must have an Active Directory domain account.

  • Description (optional). Type a description for the new virtual machine.

Configure Hardware

To configure additional hardware for the virtual machine, use the following procedures:

  • Startup Order—Select the order of devices to start the operating system.

  • CPU Requirements—Specify the processor requirements of a virtual machine on a new host.

  • Memory—Specify the amount of memory to allocate on a host for a new virtual machine.

  • Floppy Drive—Configure the virtual floppy drive to read a physical floppy disk on the host or to read a virtual floppy disk file stored in the library.

  • DVD or CD Drive—Add a virtual DVD or CD drive to an IDE bus.

  • Virtual Hard Disk—Add a virtual hard disk to an IDE device or a SCSI adapter.

  • Network Adapters—Configure one or more virtual network adapters for a virtual machine.

  • Priority and Availability—Configure how CPU resources are allocated and whether virtual machines are highly available.

Select Destination

Choose between two options:

  • Place the virtual machine on a host. The wizard will continue through all of the remaining wizard pages.

  • Store the virtual machine in the library. The wizard will continue with the Select Path wizard page.

Select Host

(Host placement only)

Select a host to deploy the virtual machine on.

All hosts that are available for placement are given a rating of 0-5 stars based on their suitability to host the virtual machine. The host ratings are based on the virtual machine's hardware and resource requirements and anticipated resource usage. They are also based on placement settings that you can customize for VMM or for individual virtual machine deployments. The ratings are recommendations. You can select any host that has the required disk space and memory available.

  1. To see the placement settings that were used to rate the hosts, and optionally change those settings, click Customize Ratings to open the Customize Ratings dialog box.

    You can choose between two placement goals--either resource maximization on individual hosts or load balancing among hosts--and set the relative importance of the availability of CPU, memory, disk I/O capacity, and network capacity for the virtual machine. For more information, see "How Virtual Machine Manager Rates Hosts" ( If you change settings, the host ratings will be repeated to apply the new settings. When you finish reviewing settings, close the dialog box.

  2. To view additional information about a host rating, select the host in the list. The tabs in the details pane beneath the list provide the following information:

    • Details -- Displays the status of the host and lists the virtual machines that are currently deployed on it.

    • Ratings Explanation -- If a host receives a zero rating, this tab lists the conditions that caused the rating.

    • SAN Explanation -- If a SAN transfer cannot be used to move the virtual machine's files to the host, this tab lists the conditions that prevent a SAN transfer.

If a host has network optimization enabled, a green arrow appears in the Network Optimization column. VMM 2008 R2 allows you to take advantage of network optimization capabilities that are available on Hyper-V hosts that are running Windows Server 2008 R2. For information about network optimization and the hardware that supports it, see the Windows Server 2008 R2 documentation. After a virtual machine is deployed, this feature is displayed only for virtual machines that are deployed on a host that is running Windows Server 2008 R2.

Select Path

Select the path to the folder that will store the configuration files for the virtual machine:

  • If you chose Place the virtual machine on a host, specify the path on the host to which to save files associated with this virtual machine.

    If you would like to store other virtual machines on this path, select the Add this path to the list of host default paths check box to add the path to the list of default paths during virtual machine creation.
  • If you chose Store the virtual machine in the library, specify the library server that will store the virtual machine, and then select the path on the available library shares to store the virtual machine's configuration files. The wizard will continue with the Summary page.

Select Networks

Modify the networks and attach them to None or to any of the virtual networks that are found on the selected host.

Networks area lists each virtual network adapter that is attached to the virtual machine. Each network adapter defaults to None if you selected None in the hardware configuration or to the best matching virtual network according to the network matching rules.

Additional Properties

(Host placement only)

To enable optional actions when the Virtual Server service starts and stops, you must specify the account that Virtual Server will run under.

If the hardware supports hardware-assisted virtualization, and you would like to use that feature with the new virtual machine, select the Use Hardware Assisted Virtualization check box.


Review the configuration settings. To change settings, click Previous. To begin creating the virtual machine, click Create.

Use the View Script button to display the Windows PowerShell - Virtual Machine Manager cmdlets that will perform the operation. All administrative tasks in Virtual Machine Manager can be performed at the command line or scripted.

For the most up-to-date Help information, go to the Virtual Machine Manager 2008 Help Online. To find additional Virtual Machine Manager 2008 documentation, go to the Virtual Machine Manager 2008 TechCenter Library.