Virtual Machine Identity
Configure the following options:
- Virtual machine name (required). Type
a unique name for the virtual machine.
- Owner (required). The owner must have
a domain account in Active Directory.
- Description (optional). Type a
description for the new virtual machine.
To configure additional hardware for the virtual machine, use
the following procedures:
- Startup Order—Select
the order of devices to start the operating system.
Requirements—Specify processor requirements for the virtual
- Memory—Specify the
amount of memory to allocate to the virtual machine
Drive—Configure the virtual floppy drive to read a physical
floppy disk on the host or to read a virtual floppy disk file
stored in the library.
- DVD or CD Drive—Add
a virtual DVD or CD drive to an IDE bus.
- Virtual Hard
Disk—Add a virtual hard disk to an IDE device or a SCSI
Adapters—Configure one or more virtual network adapters for a
- Priority and
Availability—Configure the virtual machine's priority for CPU
resources on the host. Configure the virtual machine to be highly
Guest Operating System
(for customizable templates only)
Configure identity information, administrative credentials, and
user access to computers based on the template.
- General Settings: Enter the following
- Identity Information--Specify a
computer name. To generate a computer name randomly for virtual
machines based on the template, enter an asterisk in the
Computer name field.
- Admin Password: Specify the local
administrator password for the virtual machine. If virtual machines
created with this template will not be in a domain, users must use
this password to gain access to the local computer.
|To prompt for a password when the user creates a virtual
machine with the template, enter an asterisk (*) in the Admin
Password field. If you leave the field blank, virtual machine
- Product key: If you want the template
to provide a product key for virtual machines, enter a product key
in the Product key field. To require users to provide their
own product key when they create a virtual machine, leave the field
- Time Zone: Select the appropriate
option from the Time Zone list box, or accept the default
- Operating System: Select the operating
system that will run on the virtual machine. This selection does
not install an operating system.
- Networking: Configure settings to
determine network access for virtual machines:
- Domain/Workgroup: If you want virtual
machines that are created from this template to be in a domain,
click Domain. Then specify a user account that will be used
to add the computer to the domain at first log on. If the virtual
machines that are created from this template will not be in a
domain, click Workgroup, and then enter the name of the
- Scripts: Use the options under
Scripts to provide additional settings for Sysprep:
- Answer File: You can attach a Sysprep
file (for Windows XP, Windows Server 2000, or Windows
Server 2003) or an Unattend.xml file (for Windows Vista or
Windows Server 2008) to the guest operating system profile.
The answer file script must be stored on a library share.
To select an answer file, click Browse to open the Select
sysprep.inf script dialog box, and then select the file.
To add settings, in the Answer file field, specify the
Sysprep or Unattend file to run. The settings in the answer file
will be appended to those from the wizard.
- [GUIRunOnce] Commands: If you want to
specify one or more commands to run the first time a user logs on
to a virtual machine, type a command that you want to add in the
Command to add field, and then click Add. This action
adds the command to the [GuiRunOnce] section of the Sysprep
|To enable environment variable expansion when you create a new
virtual machine from a template, you must precede GuiRunOnce
commands with cmd.exe /c.
When creating a VM from a template, you must choose the
- Place the virtual machine on a
Select a host to deploy the virtual machine on.
All hosts that are available for placement are given a rating of
0-5 stars based on their suitability to host the virtual
machine. The host ratings are based on the virtual machine's
hardware and resource requirements and anticipated resource usage.
They are also based on placement settings that you can customize
for VMM or for individual virtual machine deployments. The ratings
are recommendations. You can select any host that has the required
disk space and memory available.
- To see the placement settings that were used to rate the hosts,
and optionally change those settings, click Customize
Ratings to open the Customize Ratings dialog box.
- To view additional information about a host rating, select the
host in the list. The tabs in the details pane beneath the list
provide the following information:
If a host has network optimization enabled, a green arrow appears
in the Network Optimization column. VMM 2008 R2
allows you to take advantage of network optimization capabilities
that are available on Hyper-V hosts that are running Windows
Server 2008 R2. For information about network
optimization and the hardware that supports it, see the Windows
Server 2008 R2 documentation. After a virtual machine is
deployed, this feature is displayed only for virtual machines that
are deployed on a host that is running Windows
Server 2008 R2.
- Details -- Displays the status of the
host and lists the virtual machines that are currently deployed on
- Ratings Explanation -- If a host
receives a zero rating, this tab lists the conditions that caused
- SAN Explanation -- If a SAN transfer
cannot be used to move the virtual machine's files to the host,
this tab lists the conditions that prevent a SAN transfer.
Select the path to the folder that will store the configuration
files for the virtual machine:
|If you want to store other virtual machines on this path,
select the Add this path to the list of host default paths
check box to add the path to the list of default paths during
virtual machine creation.
Modify the networks and attach them to None or to any of
the virtual networks that are found on the selected host.
|Networks area list each of the virtual network adapters that
are currently attached to the virtual machine. Network adapters
default to None if you selected None in the hardware
configuration or to the best matching virtual network according to
the network matching rules.
Configure actions to take on a virtual machine when the
virtualization service starts and stops. For more information, see
How to Configure
Automatic Start and Stop Actions for a Virtual Machine
Review the configuration settings. To change settings, click
Previous. To begin creating the virtual machine, click
|Use the View Script button to display the Windows
PowerShell - Virtual Machine Manager cmdlets that will perform the
operation. All administrative tasks in Virtual Machine Manager can
be performed at the command line or scripted.