Before you configure a migration job in your System Center 2012 Configuration Manager environment, you must configure a source hierarchy and gather data from at least one source site in that hierarchy. Use the following sections to help you plan for configuring source hierarchies, configuring source sites, and determining the way in which Configuration Manager gathers information from the source sites in the source hierarchy.

Migration Source Hierarchies

A source hierarchy is a Configuration Manager 2007 or System Center 2012 Configuration Manager hierarchy that contains data that you want to migrate. When you configure a source hierarchy, you specify the top-level site of the source hierarchy. This site is also called a source site. Additional sites that you can migrate data from in the source hierarchy are also called source sites. When you configure a migration job, you configure it to migrate data from a specific source site in the source hierarchy.

When you configure a new source hierarchy, that hierarchy automatically becomes the current source hierarchy. To configure a source hierarchy you must specify the top-level site of the source hierarchy, and you must specify the credentials for Configuration Manager to connect to the SMS Provider and site database in the source site. Configuration Manager uses these credentials to retrieve information about the objects and distribution points from the source site. As part of the data gathering process, child sites in the source hierarchy are identified, which you can then configure as additional source sites.

Although you can configure multiple source hierarchies, migration can be active for only one source hierarchy at a time. If you configure an additional source hierarchy before you complete migration from the current source hierarchy, Configuration Manager cancels any active migration jobs and postpones any scheduled migration jobs for the current source hierarchy. The newly configured source hierarchy then becomes the current source hierarchy, and you can configure connection credentials, source sites, and migration jobs for the new source hierarchy. The original source hierarchy is now inactive.

If you restore an inactive source hierarchy, and you have not previously used the Cleanup Migration Data action, you can view the previously configured migration jobs for that source hierarchy. However, before you can continue migration from that hierarchy, you must reconfigure the credentials to connect to applicable source sites in the hierarchy, and then reschedule any migration jobs that did not finish.

If you migrate data from more than a single source hierarchy, each additional source hierarchy must contain a unique set of site codes.

For more information about configuring a source hierarchy, see the Configuring a Source Hierarchy for Migration section of the Configuring Source Hierarchies and Source Sites for Migration to System Center 2012 Configuration Manager topic.

Migration Source Sites

Source sites are the sites in the source hierarchy that have the data that you want to migrate. The top-level site of the source hierarchy is always the first source site. When migration collects data from the first source site of a new source hierarchy, it discovers information about additional sites in that hierarchy.

After data gathering completes for the initial source site, the actions you take next depend on the product version of the source hierarchy.

Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 Source Sites

System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP1 Source Sites

Migration Data Gathering

Immediately after you specify a source hierarchy, configure credentials for an additional source site in a source hierarchy, or share the distribution points for a source site, Configuration Manager starts to gather data from the source site.

The data gathering process then repeats itself on a simple schedule to maintain synchronization with any changes to data in the source site. By default, the process repeats every four hours. You can modify the schedule for this cycle by editing the Properties of the source site. The initial data gathering process must review all objects in the Configuration Manager database and can take time to finish. Subsequent data gathering processes identify only changes to the data and require less time to finish.

To gather data, the top-level site in the destination hierarchy connects to the SMS Provider and the site database of the source site to retrieve a list of objects and distribution points. These connections use the source site access accounts. For information about required configurations for gathering data, see Prerequisites for Migration in System Center 2012 Configuration Manager.

You can start and stop the data gathering process by using the Gather Data Now, and Stop Gathering Data actions in the Configuration Manager console.

After you use the Stop Gathering Data option for a source site for any reason, you must reconfigure credentials for the site before you can gather data from that site again. Until you reconfigure the source site, Configuration Manager cannot identify new objects or changes to previously migrated objects at that site.

Before you expand a stand-alone primary site into a hierarchy with a central administration site, you must stop all Data Gathering. You can reconfigure Data Gathering after the site expansion completes.

Gather Data Now

Stop Gathering Data

See Also