It is important to carefully consider how you plan to migrate users. By default, all users are migrated by Windows® User State Migration Tool (USMT) 4.0. You must specify which users to include by using the command line. You cannot specify users in the .xml files. For instructions on how to migrate users, see Migrate User Accounts.
In This Topic
Migrating Local Accounts
Before migrating local accounts, note the following:
- You must explicitly specify that local
accounts that are not on the destination computer should be
migrated. If you are migrating local accounts and the local
account does not exist on the destination computer, you must use
the /lac option when using the LoadState command. If the
/lac option is not specified, no local user accounts will be
- Consider whether to enable user accounts
that are new to the destination computer. The /lae
option enables the account that was created with the /lac
option. However, if you create a disabled local account by using
only the /lac option, a local administrator must enable the
account on the destination computer.
- Be careful when specifying a password for
local accounts. If you create the local account with a blank
password, anyone could log on to that account on the destination
computer. If you create the local account with a password, the
password is available to anyone with access to the USMT
If there are multiple users on a computer, and you specify a password with the /lac option, all migrated users will have the same password.
Migrating Domain Accounts
The source and destination computers do not need to be connected to the domain for domain user profiles to be migrated.
USMT provides several options to migrate multiple users on a single computer. The following command-line options specify which users to migrate.
- Specifying users. You can specify
which users to migrate with the /all, /ui,
/uel, and /ue options with both the ScanState and
LoadState command-line tools.
The /uel option excludes users based on the Last Modified date of the Ntuser.dat file. The /uel option is not valid in offline migrations.
- Moving users to another domain. You
can move user accounts to another domain using the /md
option with the LoadState command-line tool.
- Creating local accounts. You can
create and enable local accounts using the /lac and
/lae options with the LoadState command-line tool.
- Renaming user accounts. You can rename
user accounts using the /mu option.
By default, if a user name is not specified in any of the command-line options, the user will be migrated.